Joint Nutrition


Maintenance of healthy joints is important to consider within a healthy, nutritional diet, and particularly important for athletes and sports people as well as the elderly. While exercise has been shown to increase the strength and stability of joints, contact or weight baring sports like American Football and running place a very high level of strain on joints and can increase risk of damage and injury. While exercise and its effects on joints are important, and is summarised here, this section focuses on the role of nutrition and supplements on maintaining and enhancing joint health.

Degeneration and regeneration of tissues in the joints is a continual process, as with all tissues, and therefore it is important that regeneration keeps pace with degeneration of these tissues, otherwise we can end up with reduced joint function, injury or even joint diseases such as arthritis. The joints most at risk are the weight baring joints; the spine, hips, knees and ankle joints, as these sustain the most strain and impact throughout our lives and are at higher risk of increased degeneration and breakdown.

Vitamins and Minerals

Unsurprisingly, several vitamins and minerals play an important part in maintaining or enhancing healthy joints throughout life. However, if eating a healthy diet and taking nutrient supplementation as outlined by, intake of these nutrients will be at optimal levels to obtain their beneficial effects on joints.

For more information the nutrients important in joint health, click on the links on the right. For more information on nutrient supplementation and general nutrition, see our nutrition section.

Joint Supplements

There are several other substances that are important in the normal function of joints. Many of these substances can now be taken as supplements, with the aim to increase their availability in the joints for maintenance and therefore improve joint health. The main supplements on the market currently are: Hyaluronic Acid (HA), Glucosamine, Chondroitin and MSM. Click on each link on the right to read our review of each one.

Joint Diseases - Arthritis

Arthritis refers to conditions that affect the normal function of joints, usually causing pain and varying in severity. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, with many different causes such as inflammation, infection and damage to joint tissues. On the right are links to a brief outline of the most common arthritis disease conditions that are referred to in this section on joints.


R. Harris
Bsc Physical Education, Sports Science and Physics, Loughborough University Founder

© 2010

Joint Nutrition Home

Joint Overview
Exercise and Joints
Age and Joint Health
Joint Structure
Muscles and Tendons
Synovial Joint Cavity:
Cartilage -
Synovial Fluid -
Synovium -

Joint Nutrients
Vitamin D
Vitamin C
Vitamin A & E

Joint Supplements
Hyaluronic Acid (HA)

Joint Diseases
Rheumatic Arthritis
Psoriatic Arthritis
Septic Arthritis
Gouty Arthritis (Gout)
Lupus Arthritis